Remember that old saying ‘You don’t have to screw people over to survive’? Well it seems we now have the scientific data to reinstate this through the intricate and fascinating world of Plants and Fungi, in fact, it seems their type of business punishes the dirty businesses and rewards the clean ones. I would like to shamelessly repeat myself and say through the inter-connectivity of Nature [interconnections that can be found everywhere], we can learn much from them to make life more prosperous. Read on . .
One of the biggest underground markets on the planet — nutrient trading between plant roots and fungi — turns out to run on a system of reciprocal rewards for good suppliers and less business for bad ones.
“It may have taken 450 million years to evolve,” says Toby Kiers of VU University Amsterdam, “but unlike most human markets, here we have an example in which cheaters actually get punished and the good guys get rewarded.”
Most land plants participate in this exchange, as threads of specialized fungi wind into plant root tissue and form structures called arbuscular mycorrhizae. About 4 percent to 20 percent of the carbon compounds a plant produces from capturing the energy of sunlight flows into the fungus. In the other direction, minerals and other useful compounds flow from the fungus into the plant.
Other cross-species mutualisms have turned out to have a lopsided power balance in which one partner, often a plant, can kill a misbehaving helper. In the arbuscular mycorrhizal system though, plant roots can detect which fungus threads are providing an abundance of a mineral and in turn reward them with extra nutrients in the form of plant-produced carbon. And the fungi also can detect and preferentially reward a good supplier and shun a slacker, Kiers and her colleagues report in the Aug. 12 Science.
God Tests You.
satan tricks you.
14 Do all things without complaining and disputing, 15 that you may become blameless and harmless, children of God without fault in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you shine as lights in the world, 16 holding fast the word of life, so that I may rejoice in the day of Christ that I have not run in vain or labored in vain.
|—||Leonardo da Vinci|